On February 11, 1990, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (1918-2013), the iconic leader of the anti-apartheid struggle, was released from prison after twenty-seven years; the whole world watched the moving event live on television. In a speech that same day, he declared forcefully, “Our resort to the armed struggle in 1960 with the formation of the military wing of the ANC was a purely defensive action against the violence of Apartheid. The factors which necessitated the armed struggle still exist today. We have no option but to continue. We express the hope that a climate conducive to a negotiated settlement would be created soon, so that there may no longer be the need for the armed struggle.”
To learn more about Apartheid and the “Tradgedies, Triumps, and Challenges” of Africa 1980-2010, visit the “Africana Age" online exhibition.