Ernest Everett Just was born August 14, 1883 in Charleston, South Carolina. He graduated magna cum laude from Dartmouth College in 1907 and was the only black man in his class. Just taught at Howard University and was head of the Department of Zoology and Physiology. He received the first Spingarn Medal from the NAACP in 1915 for his work as a scientist. In 1916, Just received his doctorate in experimental embryology. Just published his book “Basic Methods for Experiments on Eggs of Marine Animals” after conducting research on the fertilization of marine animal cells. Just faced a lot of racism and prejudice as an African American in the U.S. and therefore moved to study in Europe in 1930. There he published “The Biology of the Cell Surface” and gave several lectures on cell cytoplasm.
Just challenged many theories of leading biologists of the day and worked diligently to understand the world around him. Due to his research, we now have a better understanding of experimental parthenogenesis and the physiology of cell development.
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